https://lifecoachprafulla.blogspot.com/2019/05/vermicompost-vermicompost.html
Vermicompost-kechua khad

Vermicomposting

        The excess use of chemical fertilizers leads to loss of physical, chemical and biological aspects of the agricultural land. The number of useful microorganisms in the soil has decreased due to which the fertility of the land is decreasing. Long term use of chemical fertilizers damages the land soil by changing the pH of the soil.
The food grown by chemical fertilizers is containing the traces of some harmful compounds which is unhealthy for consumption for human or livestock
Earthworm eats organic foods. After eating it, take the parts required by the body, the remaining part is expelled from the body, it is called vermicompost. 

Vermicompost is an important source of nutrients, hormonal, useful bacteria organic fertilizers for the growth of the plant, which increases the immunity of the plant and fertility of the soil.  
Most of the time we think that chemical fertilizers are more effective and give quick results than the organic fertilizers, but the chemical fertilizers are more costly and hazardous for soil. The organic fertilizers take some more time for results but the overall economics of the organic fertilizers are more beneficial than chemical fertilizers.

The nutrients available in vermicompost are:

Nitrogen- 1.6.
Phosphorus - 0.7.
Potassium- 0.8.
Calcium- 0.5.
Magnesium-0.2.
 Iron- 1.75.
Manganese- 96.5.

Zinc- 24.5.

Vermicompost Contains

  • Macro and micronutrients
  • Vitamins and Enzymes
  • Hormones like Auxins and Cytokinins
  • Beneficial Soil Microflora like Bacteria, Actinomycetes, Protozoans, Fungi, and others.

Vermicompost  Ingredients: what to feed worm

Agricultural waste, straw, grass, cow dung, urine, crush, goats ladders, a mulch of fruit trees and forestry, jute, vegetable residues, and earthworm.




https://lifecoachprafulla.blogspot.com/2019/05/vermicompost-vermicompost.html
Vermicompost Bag

Vermicompost  Preparation: 

Prepare a shed to protect cement pits from sunshine and rain. 
The cement pits are 3 ×2 meters and 60-70 cm in depth. These cement pits will be used for long periods, but nowadays plastic bags also available for that. 
At the bottom of the pits keep agricultural waste, straw grass, mulch of fruit trees and forestry, jute, rice husk,  coconut husk, wheat bran up to 3 to 5 cm of cement pit.
Above that take a layer of cow dung, goats ladders, vegetable residues, and soil both the layers are completely moistened by water.  Spray water in between regular time intervals which maintain its moisture and temperature also.
For 50 kg vermicompost use 3000-3500 Earthworm will be suggested.
Above that put another layer of 50 cm of partially decomposed organic matter. 
For the development of earthworms, it is necessary to maintain the air in organic pits so it must be porous in nature. 
Cover that material with waste cloths and maintain its moisture by spraying water on it.
The excess water is collected which is called varmiwash.
After the color of fertilizer becomes dark brown, then it is considered as fertilizer. After the fertilizer is ready, stop watering.
 After 40-45 days make cones of that vermicomposting and
Chop the upper part and filter it, after that Earthworm is separated, and used to make another vermicompost. 

Advantages of Vermicomposting

1. Earthworm bring up minerals from deep in the soil which is in short supply at surface layers
2. Fertility of the soil prevails. The main and micronutrients available for the growth of the crop are available in their natural forms.  
3. This reduces the cost of pesticides. The microorganisms in earthworms such as Acetobacter bacteria, streptomycin, siderophores, actinomycetes and fungi destroy the microbial plants and destroy the pathogenic pathogens. 
4. The growth of the crops is much faster.
5. The land becomes more porous, leads to proper drainage of water and increase the groundwater efficiency.
6. Saving of water leads to a reduction in irrigation costs.

7. Most of the agriculture, waste is used in vermicompost. it reduces its production cost and increases profits.

In simple Enables efficient growth, Increases moisture retention, Promotes microbial activity, Controls pest & diseases.

Varmiwash- Liquid Vermicompost:-

Water is sprinkled to wet the waste or dung while the vermicompost manure is being prepared. While eating this wet waste, some amount of water also goes into the body of the earthworm. This water is released from the body of the earthworm along with the waste. This yellowish water is called as Vermiwash.


Bio-degradation of complex organic residues by the symbiotic association between earthworms and microbes will increase the density of microbes in the cast and also the availability of vital macronutrients viz., N, P, K, Ca and Mg and micronutrients such as Fe, Mo, Zn, Cu, etc., in the soil. Apart from this, the soil also contains plant growth-promoting substances like NAA, cytokinins, gibberellins, etc. 
Vermicompost contains required nutrients, which can be applied alone so as to get better yield and quality of diverse crops

4 Comments

  1. nice information

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  2. Where did you find information about the positive site, this post? I just read some articles on your website, and I really like your style. Thank you for the millions and keep working effectively.

    Crop rotation

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    Replies
    1. Thanks for appreciation, this is only basic information.

      Delete

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